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Justin Lee, CNB Statement on findings relating to investigation into Justin Lee who died after a fall from height

CNB Statement on findings relating to investigation into Justin Lee who died after a fall from height

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Investigations into how 17-year-old Justin Lee was questioned and treated in the lock-up has been completed. The Central Narcotics Bureau said Justin was treated “professionally and fairly”.

launched the investigation after his mother, Ms Cecilia Ow, alleged that he was mistreated during the process. Earlier this month, she made public a letter she had written to Law and Home Affairs Minister K Shanmugam, in which she wrote about how she had lost her son to suicide. Her son died from a fall from height three months after he was charged.

Below is the detailed statement released by CNA reproduced in full. 

𝐂𝐍𝐁 𝐒𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐨𝐧 𝐅𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐬 𝐑𝐞𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐨 𝐈𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐠𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐨 𝐘𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐠 𝐏𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝐒𝐮𝐬𝐩𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐟 𝐓𝐫𝐚𝐟𝐟𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐃𝐫𝐮𝐠𝐬

This statement summarises ’s findings relating to its investigations against Justin Lee (Justin), for suspected drug trafficking, up to the point of CNB’s last contact with him on 23 June 2021.

He passed away on 16 September 2021 after falling from height on the same day.

𝐁𝐚𝐜𝐤𝐠𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝

2. issued a statement on 13 October 2021 in response to media queries, after Justin’s mother, Ms Cecilia Ow, published her letter of appeal (dated 1 October 2021) to Minister for Home Affairs K Shanmugam. CNB had stated that once investigations were completed, the findings would be shared with Ms Cecilia Ow.

3. The Singapore Police Force (SPF) also commenced investigations into Justin’s death following his fall from height on 16 September 2021. An autopsy was conducted and the cause of death was determined to be multiple injuries consistent with being sustained from a fall from height. Toxicology tests were conducted and the report indicated that there were traces of LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), a Class A controlled drug listed under the Misuse of Drugs Act, and Nitrazepam detected in his urine and blood. These results and findings will be submitted at the Coroner’s Inquiry.

𝐎𝐛𝐣𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐂𝐍𝐁’𝐬 𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥 𝐈𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐠𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬

4. ’s internal investigations were initiated to establish the facts relating to Justin’s arrest and the subsequent investigations against him, up to the point of CNB’s last contact with him on 23 June 2021.

5. Justin fell from a height, some 12 weeks after his release on Court bail, on 16 September 2021. ’s internal investigations are separate from the investigations undertaken by the SPF in relation to his fall from height on 16 September 2021.

𝐅𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐂𝐍𝐁’𝐬 𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥 𝐈𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐠𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬: 𝐅𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐬 𝐄𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐢𝐬𝐡𝐞𝐝

A̲r̲r̲e̲s̲t̲ ̲o̲f̲ ̲J̲u̲s̲t̲i̲n̲ ̲o̲n̲ ̲3̲ ̲F̲e̲b̲r̲u̲a̲r̲y̲ ̲2̲0̲2̲1̲

6. 𝐈𝐧 𝐉𝐚𝐧𝐮𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝟐𝟎𝟐𝟏, 𝐂𝐍𝐁 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐢𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐠𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐨 𝐚 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐣𝐞𝐜𝐭 𝐰𝐡𝐨 𝐰𝐚𝐬 𝐬𝐮𝐬𝐩𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐫𝐚𝐟𝐟𝐢𝐜𝐤𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐋𝐒𝐃 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐩𝐬 (Footnote 1). 𝐇𝐞 𝐰𝐚𝐬 𝐨𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐥𝐲 𝐚𝐝𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐬𝐚𝐥𝐞 𝐨𝐧 𝐚 𝐦𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐚𝐠𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐚𝐩𝐩. 𝐂𝐍𝐁 𝐨𝐟𝐟𝐢𝐜𝐞𝐫𝐬 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐰𝐨 𝐬𝐮𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐟𝐮𝐥 𝐭𝐞𝐬𝐭 𝐛𝐮𝐲𝐬 𝐭𝐨 𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐟𝐲 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐢𝐧𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐚𝐫𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐣𝐞𝐜𝐭, 𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐫 𝐚𝐬𝐜𝐞𝐫𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐧𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐛𝐞 𝐉𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐧, 𝐚𝐭 𝐚𝐛𝐨𝐮𝐭 𝟕.𝟐𝟓𝐩𝐦 𝐨𝐧 𝟑 𝐅𝐞𝐛𝐫𝐮𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝟐𝟎𝟐𝟏. The arrest took place at Serangoon North Ave 4. In a follow-up operation on 4 February 2021 at about 11.42am, 131 LSD stamps were seized from another location in the vicinity of Serangoon North Ave 4. 𝐈𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐠𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝟏𝟑𝟏 𝐋𝐒𝐃 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐩𝐬 𝐛𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐉𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐧. 𝐇𝐞 𝐚𝐝𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐲 𝐰𝐞𝐫𝐞 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐭 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐬𝐚𝐥𝐞, 𝐢𝐧𝐜𝐥𝐮𝐝𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐨 𝐟𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐬. 𝐇𝐞 𝐚𝐝𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐡𝐞 𝐡𝐢𝐦𝐬𝐞𝐥𝐟 𝐡𝐚𝐝 𝐚𝐥𝐬𝐨 𝐚𝐛𝐮𝐬𝐞𝐝 𝐋𝐒𝐃 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐩𝐬.

N̲o̲ ̲p̲h̲y̲s̲i̲c̲a̲l̲ ̲f̲o̲r̲c̲e̲ ̲n̲o̲r̲ ̲a̲b̲r̲a̲s̲i̲v̲e̲ ̲l̲a̲n̲g̲u̲a̲g̲e̲ ̲w̲e̲r̲e̲ ̲u̲s̲e̲d̲

7. When he was arrested on 3 February 2021, Justin was compliant and did not put up any struggle. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗵𝗲𝗹𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗶𝗺 𝘄𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗲 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗵𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗰𝘂𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗱, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗲𝘀𝗰𝗼𝗿𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝘃𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗼𝘂𝘀 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗿𝘀𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗶𝘀 𝗮 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗮𝗿𝗱 𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗰𝗲𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝗼𝗿𝗱𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗼 𝗽𝗿𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗲𝘀𝗰𝗮𝗽𝗲 𝗼𝗿 𝘀𝗲𝗹𝗳-𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗺. There was no unreasonable use of force on him.

8. Following his arrest, nine officers were deployed for a follow-up anti-drug operation on the same day at Justin’s place of residence located in the vicinity of Hougang Street 22. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗻𝘂𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝗼𝗳 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗱𝗲𝗽𝗹𝗼𝘆𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗮𝗸𝗲𝘀 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗼 𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗻𝘁 𝘃𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗼𝘂𝘀 𝗳𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗿𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝘀 𝗮 𝗻𝗲𝗲𝗱 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗳𝗹𝗲𝘅𝗶𝗯𝗶𝗹𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘄𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗺𝗼𝗿𝗲 𝘀𝘂𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗰𝘁𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝗿𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘁𝘀 𝘁𝗼 𝗯𝗲 𝗺𝗮𝗱𝗲, 𝗼𝗿 𝗶𝗳 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗳𝗼𝗹𝗹𝗼𝘄-𝘂𝗽 𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗻𝗲𝗲𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗯𝗲 𝗶𝗺𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗹𝘆 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗱𝘂𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗱. Six of the nine officers entered the unit – upon being granted permission by Ms Cecilia Ow who was present. Out of the six officers, one senior officer leading the team and one female officer engaged Ms Cecilia Ow, while the remaining four escorted Justin into his bedroom. Two officers remained next to Justin, while the other two conducted a search of the room. The search took place from about 9.02 pm to about 9.20 pm. Justin was escorted to the CNB Enforcement Office at Bedok Police Divisional Headquarters following the search.

9. 𝗔𝗿𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝘀𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝘂𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗿 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗮𝗸 𝘁𝗼 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗶𝗿 𝗻𝗲𝘅𝘁-𝗼𝗳-𝗸𝗶𝗻 (𝗡𝗢𝗞) 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝗲𝘁𝗮𝗶𝗹𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲, 𝗯𝘂𝘁 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘃𝗲𝗿𝘀𝗲 𝗼𝗻 𝗴𝗲𝗻𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗹 𝗺𝗮𝘁𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘀. 𝗜𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲, 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘀𝗽𝗼𝗸𝗲 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄 𝗮𝗳𝘁𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗲𝗮𝗿𝗰𝗵. Further, as he could not locate his eczema medication, Ms Cecilia Ow was also present when he was looking for his eczema medication in his room with the help of officers.

10. Justin was subsequently transferred to the Central Police Divisional Headquarters and was referred to a lock-up medical doctor for examination on 4 February 2021. The subsequent medical report issued noted that Justin had a slight abrasion over his left foot and a past history of eczema. The medical report concluded that Justin was well and that “the physical examination was unremarkable”. When Justin was released from the lock-up, he signed to acknowledge that he had no complaints. Justin was not mistreated in any way.

N̲o̲ ̲u̲n̲d̲u̲e̲ ̲d̲e̲l̲a̲y̲ ̲i̲n̲ ̲i̲n̲v̲e̲s̲t̲i̲g̲a̲t̲i̲o̲n̲s̲ ̲o̲r̲ ̲r̲e̲l̲e̲a̲s̲e̲ ̲f̲r̲o̲m̲ ̲c̲u̲s̲t̲o̲d̲y̲

11. Justin’s case was investigated within a reasonable period, and he was released from custody without delay. 𝗔𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘄𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗼𝗳 𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗴𝗲𝘀 𝘃𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗲𝘀 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲, 𝗶𝘁 𝗶𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗽𝗼𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗯𝗹𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲 𝗮𝗻 𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗡𝗢𝗞𝘀 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗿𝗲𝗾𝘂𝗶𝗿𝗲𝗱. For security reasons, arrested persons are also not permitted to retain their personal belongings (including mobile devices) when they are admitted into the lock-up. This is to prevent unauthorised communication with others that may jeopardise the investigation, escape by the arrested subject, or injury to self or others.

12. 𝗙𝗼𝗿 𝘆𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗴 𝘀𝘂𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗰𝘁𝘀 𝘂𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗿 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 (𝘄𝗵𝗶𝗰𝗵 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝗽𝗶𝘁𝗮𝗹 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲𝘀), 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗲𝗻𝘀𝘂𝗿𝗲𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗿𝗲𝗹𝗲𝗮𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝗯𝗮𝗶𝗹 𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝗼𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝘀 𝗽𝗼𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗯𝗹𝗲. In this case, Justin was arrested on 3 February 2021 at about 7.25 pm, and following the initial investigation, he was escorted for a house search that took place from about 9.02 pm to about 9.20 pm. He was then escorted to the Enforcement Office at Bedok Police Divisional Headquarters for a urine test, recording of further statements, and detailed searches and documentation of personal properties. He was subsequently escorted to the Central Police Divisional Headquarters where he was admitted to the lock-up at about 1.27 am on 4 February 2021. Given the time of admission, Justin was allowed to rest before the first video-recorded interview was conducted at about 11.45 am the same day. As the 131 LSD stamps were only recovered at about 11.42 am a second video-recorded interview was conducted from about 7.34 pm to 8.02 pm, during which he admitted ownership of the drugs found and that the drugs were meant for sale. After the second video-recorded interview, 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗮𝗸𝗲 𝗮 𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝘁𝗼 𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄 𝗮𝘁 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝟴.𝟱𝟯𝗽𝗺, and was released on bail to her at about 10.41 pm on 4 February 2021.

13. In the subsequent months, the Investigating Officer (IO) continued with his investigations, retrieving various reports, including the Health Sciences Authority (HSA) analysis of the drug exhibits, medical reports, and POLCam footage showing Justin in possession of a bag containing the 131 LSD stamps prior to his arrest. Upon completion of investigations in May 2021, CNB consulted the Attorney-General’s Chambers (AGC), which directed in June 2021 that Justin be charged for drug trafficking offences under the Misuse of Drugs Act. He was asked to report to CNB Headquarters on 23 June 2021.

14. When Justin reported to Headquarters on 23 June 2021 at about 12.40 pm, he was admitted into the lock-up, and served with the drug trafficking charges. This process was video-recorded. As drug-related offences, especially drug trafficking, attract heavy penalties and there is a high flight risk, subjects charged with drug-related offences will normally not be released on bail, and will instead be escorted to Court for prosecution the next day. However, in view of his age, CNB released Justin on bail after serving the charges on him and allowed him to report to Court the next day. Justin was released on the same day at about 7.52 pm to Ms Cecilia Ow. When Justin was released from the custody of the lock-up, he signed to acknowledge that he had no complaints. This was the last contact that CNB had with him. He was subsequently charged in Court on 24 June 2021 and released on Court bail.

15. Regarding the allegations that the Court had postponed the case a few times which added more stress to Justin, the Prosecution was ready to take the plea on 24 June 2021 when Justin was charged in Court. 𝗜𝘁 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗗𝗲𝗳𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗖𝗼𝘂𝗻𝘀𝗲𝗹 𝗿𝗲𝗽𝗿𝗲𝘀𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗵𝗼 𝗵𝗮𝗱 𝗿𝗲𝗾𝘂𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗮𝗱𝗷𝗼𝘂𝗿𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗿𝘁 𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗳𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲𝘀, first from 24 June 2021 to 22 July 2021, and then to 19 August 2021, 9 September 2021 and finally to 23 September 2021.

A̲p̲p̲r̲o̲p̲r̲i̲a̲t̲e̲ ̲A̲d̲u̲l̲t̲ ̲(̲A̲A̲)̲ ̲s̲c̲h̲e̲m̲e̲ ̲u̲s̲e̲d̲ ̲f̲o̲r̲ ̲s̲u̲s̲p̲e̲c̲t̲s̲ ̲b̲e̲l̲o̲w̲ ̲1̲6̲ ̲y̲e̲a̲r̲s̲ ̲o̲l̲d̲

16. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗔𝗽𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗽𝗿𝗶𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝗔𝗱𝘂𝗹𝘁 (𝗔𝗔) 𝗦𝗰𝗵𝗲𝗺𝗲 𝗶𝘀 𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘀𝘂𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗰𝘁𝘀 𝗯𝗲𝗹𝗼𝘄 𝟭𝟲 𝘆𝗲𝗮𝗿𝘀 𝗼𝗹𝗱 𝘄𝗵𝗼 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝗯𝘆 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗦𝗣𝗙 𝗼𝗿 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗰𝗿𝗶𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀.

17. Justin was 17 years old at the time of the arrest. During the first video-recorded interview on 4 February 2021, Justin mentioned to the CNB IO that he was having depression and had previously been diagnosed by the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) for the same. CNB proceeded with both the first and second video-recorded interviews on 4 February 2021, taking into consideration the following factors: 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗽𝗼𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗰𝗼𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘄𝘀, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗮𝗯𝗹𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗹𝗼𝗴𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘆 𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗶𝗰𝘂𝗹𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗹𝗼𝘄 𝗼𝗳 𝗲𝘃𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀, 𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗹𝘂𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘀𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗿𝗲𝘀𝗲𝗮𝗿𝗰𝗵 𝗼𝗻 𝗱𝗿𝘂𝗴𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝘁𝗿𝗮𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗺𝗼𝗱𝘂𝘀 𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗻𝗱𝗶. 𝗛𝗲 𝘀𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵𝘁 𝗰𝗹𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝘄𝗵𝗲𝗻 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗮𝗸𝗲 𝗮𝗺𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀. 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗼𝗯𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗲𝗱 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄 𝘀𝗶𝗴𝗻𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗱𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘀 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘄𝘀.

18. The CNB IO also applied for a medical report from IMH. The IMH report stated that Justin was referred in 2020 by the school-based REACH community team for low mood and suicidality. The report also stated that he was diagnosed with Dysthymia (a form of depression) and had been seeing a psychologist regularly.

19. 𝗧𝗵𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗶𝗿 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻, 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗲𝘅𝗲𝗿𝗰𝗶𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝘀𝗲𝗻𝘀𝗶𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗮𝘃𝗼𝘂𝗿𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗿𝗲𝗹𝗲𝗮𝘀𝗲 𝗵𝗶𝗺 𝗼𝗻 𝗯𝗮𝗶𝗹 𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝗼𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝘀 𝗽𝗼𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗯𝗹𝗲. 𝗡𝗼 𝗽𝗵𝘆𝘀𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗰𝗲, 𝗻𝗼𝗿 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗮𝗯𝗿𝗮𝘀𝗶𝘃𝗲 𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗴𝘂𝗮𝗴𝗲, 𝘄𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘂𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝘄𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗲 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝗖𝗡𝗕’𝘀 𝗰𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗱𝘆.

20. Justin was referred to medical doctors due to his own declaration of “eczema, mild depression” and “eczema, minor depression” in the ‘Person-in-Custody Medical State Form’ on 4 February and 23 June 2021 respectively. 𝗜𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝘂𝗯𝘀𝗲𝗾𝘂𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗿𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝘀 𝗶𝘀𝘀𝘂𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗲𝗺𝗮𝗶𝗹 𝗰𝗹𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗿𝘀, 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘄𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗻𝗼 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗲𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗮𝘂𝗹𝘁. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗿𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗲𝘅𝗮𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗻 𝟮𝟯 𝗝𝘂𝗻𝗲 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗱𝘂𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝗳𝘁𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗼𝗳 𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗴𝗲𝘀 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 “(𝘁)𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗯𝗹𝗲 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗻𝗼 𝗮𝗰𝘂𝘁𝗲 𝗶𝘀𝘀𝘂𝗲𝘀 𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘀𝘂𝗹𝘁𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗲𝘅𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗵𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘂𝗰𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀. 𝗛𝗲 𝗱𝗶𝗱 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗵𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝘀𝗲𝗹𝗳-𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗺 𝗼𝗿 𝘀𝘂𝗶𝗰𝗶𝗱𝗮𝗹 𝘁𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵𝘁𝘀 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗱𝗶𝗱 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗿𝗲𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝗳𝗲𝗲𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘂𝗻𝘄𝗲𝗹𝗹.”

N̲o̲ ̲m̲i̲s̲t̲r̲e̲a̲t̲m̲e̲n̲t̲ ̲d̲u̲r̲i̲n̲g̲ ̲t̲i̲m̲e̲ ̲i̲n̲ ̲c̲u̲s̲t̲o̲d̲y̲

21. Internal investigations showed 𝗻𝗼 𝗺𝗶𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗸-𝘂𝗽. 𝗖𝗖𝗧𝗩 𝗳𝗼𝗼𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗶𝘀𝘀𝘂𝗲𝗱 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗮 𝗯𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗸𝗲𝘁. 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗴𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗻 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗺𝗲𝗮𝗹𝘀, 𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗹𝘂𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗱𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗸𝘀, 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗰𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗱𝘆 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗸-𝘂𝗽 𝗶𝗻 𝗙𝗲𝗯𝗿𝘂𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗝𝘂𝗻𝗲 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭. 𝗗𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗮𝗱𝗺𝗶𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗰𝗲𝘀𝘀, 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗶𝗻𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗺𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗳 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗿𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁𝘀 𝘁𝗼 𝗿𝗲𝗾𝘂𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘀𝗲 𝗶𝘁𝗲𝗺𝘀 𝗶𝗳 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼. 𝗖𝗖𝗧𝗩 𝗳𝗼𝗼𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗼𝗻 𝟰 𝗙𝗲𝗯𝗿𝘂𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭, 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝗲𝗲𝗻 𝗱𝗼𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘀𝗼𝗺𝗲 𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗲𝘁𝗰𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝗮 𝗽𝗹𝗮𝗻𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗽𝗼𝘀𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝟭 𝗺𝗶𝗻𝘂𝘁𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝟮𝟬 𝘀𝗲𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗱𝘀 𝘄𝗵𝗶𝗹𝗲 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗸-𝘂𝗽. 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗽𝗽𝗲𝗱 𝗯𝘆 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗺𝗮𝗻𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗸-𝘂𝗽 𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗱𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗯𝗮𝗻𝗰𝗲. 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗼𝗯𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝗹𝗸𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗲𝗹𝗹 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗰𝗵𝗮𝘁𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝘀𝗼𝗻𝘀-𝗶𝗻-𝗰𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗱𝘆 𝗮𝘁 𝗱𝗶𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗼𝗱𝘀. 𝗖𝗖𝗧𝗩 𝗳𝗼𝗼𝘁𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗼𝗻 𝟮𝟯 𝗝𝘂𝗻𝗲 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭, 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘄𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗻𝗼 𝗶𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗮𝗻𝗰𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗵𝗶𝗺 𝘁𝗿𝘆𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗽𝘂𝘀𝗵-𝘂𝗽𝘀, 𝗻𝗼𝗿 𝘄𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗶𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗶𝗺𝗽𝗼𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝗵𝗶𝗺 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝗺𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗯𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗲𝗹𝗹. 𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗶𝘀 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘁𝗿𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝘁𝗼 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗲𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗵𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗮𝗹𝗹𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗼 𝗽𝘂𝘀𝗵-𝘂𝗽𝘀 𝘁𝗼 𝗸𝗲𝗲𝗽 𝗵𝗶𝗺𝘀𝗲𝗹𝗳 𝘄𝗮𝗿𝗺.

22. Based on interviews with officers involved in the arrest and those who had contact with him during custody in February and June 2021, 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗱𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗲𝗱 𝘄𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗿 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝗰𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗱𝘆. In fact, all drug suspects are given ample access to water in order to be able to provide their urine specimen for drug tests to be conducted. This is contrary to the allegation that he was denied water.

B̲e̲l̲o̲n̲g̲i̲n̲g̲s̲ ̲t̲y̲p̲i̲c̲a̲l̲l̲y̲ ̲r̲e̲t̲u̲r̲n̲e̲d̲ ̲o̲n̲l̲y̲ ̲a̲t̲ ̲t̲h̲e̲ ̲e̲n̲d̲ ̲o̲f̲ ̲c̲o̲u̲r̲t̲ ̲p̲r̲o̲c̲e̲s̲s̲

23. 𝗕𝗲𝗹𝗼𝗻𝗴𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘀 𝘀𝗲𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗱 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝘂𝗿𝗽𝗼𝘀𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝘁𝘆𝗽𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘆 𝗿𝗲𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗻𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗻𝗹𝘆 𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗲𝗻𝗱 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗿𝘁 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗰𝗲𝘀𝘀 𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗺𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁 𝗯𝗲 𝗿𝗲𝗾𝘂𝗶𝗿𝗲𝗱 𝗮𝘀 𝗲𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲𝘀.

𝗘𝗻𝗴𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄

24. Following Ms Cecilia Ow’s letter dated 1 October 2021 to Minister K Shanmugam, the Minister contacted her personally on the same day to assure her that a thorough review into Justin’s arrest and investigations would be conducted. 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗵𝗮𝘀 𝗯𝗲𝗲𝗻 𝗲𝗻𝗴𝗮𝗴𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄 𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝟮𝟬 𝗦𝗲𝗽𝘁𝗲𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗼𝗿 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗲𝗿-𝗶𝗻-𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗴𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗲𝗮𝗺 𝗵𝗮𝗱 𝗿𝗲𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗻𝗲𝗱 𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝗰𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗮𝗺𝗲 𝗱𝗮𝘆. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗗𝗲𝗽𝘂𝘁𝘆 𝗗𝗶𝗿𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗿 𝗼𝗳 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗵𝗮𝗱 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘁𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝗼𝗻 𝟮𝟭 𝗦𝗲𝗽𝘁𝗲𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭. CNB assured her that there would be full internal investigations. On 30 September and 8 October 2021, a CNB senior official had also met Ms Cecilia Ow at her residence and at the Ang Mo Kio Police Divisional Headquarters respectively. During these meetings, Ms Cecilia Ow was advised about the investigations. Justin’s properties were returned to her. She was offered psychological support on 21 September 2021 (para 26 below). During the meeting on 8 October 2021, she was provided with a timeframe of about 2 weeks for CNB to complete internal investigations and was informed that CNB would share the findings with her once investigations are completed.

25. The findings of CNB’s internal investigations were shared with her on 22 October 2021.

P̲s̲y̲c̲h̲o̲l̲o̲g̲i̲c̲a̲l̲ ̲s̲u̲p̲p̲o̲r̲t̲ ̲o̲f̲f̲e̲r̲e̲d̲

26. 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗵𝗮𝗱 𝗮𝗿𝗿𝗮𝗻𝗴𝗲𝗱 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗽𝘀𝘆𝗰𝗵𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝘀𝘂𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝗯𝗲 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗱𝗶𝗳𝗳𝗶𝗰𝘂𝗹𝘁 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗼𝗱 𝘄𝗵𝗶𝗰𝗵 𝘀𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘀𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗼𝗻 𝟮𝟭 𝗦𝗲𝗽𝘁𝗲𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗮 𝗖𝗡𝗕 𝗽𝘀𝘆𝗰𝗵𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝗶𝘀𝘁 𝘀𝗽𝗼𝗸𝗲 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝗼𝗻 𝟮𝟮 𝗦𝗲𝗽𝘁𝗲𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗮𝗻 𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝘁𝗼 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲 𝘀𝘂𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘀𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝗽𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗴𝗶𝗲𝘀 (𝗠𝘀 𝗖𝗲𝗰𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮 𝗢𝘄 𝗵𝗮𝗱 𝘀𝗮𝗶𝗱 𝗶𝗻 𝗮𝗻 𝗼𝗻𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗲 𝗽𝗼𝘀𝘁 𝗼𝗳 𝟭𝟴 𝗢𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘀𝗵𝗲 𝗱𝗶𝗱 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗮𝗰𝗰𝗲𝗽𝘁 𝗖𝗡𝗕’𝘀 𝗼𝗳𝗳𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗼 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲 𝗽𝘀𝘆𝗰𝗵𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝘀𝘂𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗲𝗿). On 30 September 2021, when the CNB senior official met Ms Cecilia Ow at her residence, the psychologist was also present to check on her. However, a family member conveyed later on the same day on her behalf that she did not wish to take up further psychological support from CNB.

𝗦𝘂𝗺𝗺𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝗳𝗶𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘀 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝗖𝗡𝗕’𝘀 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻

27. 𝗕𝗮𝘀𝗲𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗳𝗶𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘀, 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘁𝗿𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗳𝗲𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘆 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗳𝗮𝗶𝗿𝗹𝘆. 𝗛𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗰𝗼𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗶𝗰𝘂𝗹𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗿𝗲𝘀𝗽𝗼𝗻𝘀𝗲𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗼-𝗿𝗲𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘄𝘀. 𝗝𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝘂𝗯𝗷𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗲𝘅𝗮𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗼𝗻 𝟰 𝗙𝗲𝗯𝗿𝘂𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝟮𝟯 𝗝𝘂𝗻𝗲 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭 𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗸-𝘂𝗽 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗼𝗻 𝗯𝗼𝘁𝗵 𝗼𝗰𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀, 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗱𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗿𝘀 𝗱𝗶𝗱 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗱𝗲𝘁𝗲𝗰𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗶𝘀𝘀𝘂𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗰𝗲𝗿𝗻. 𝗖𝗡𝗕’𝘀 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗻𝗮𝗹 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝗻𝗼 𝘂𝗻𝗱𝘂𝗲 𝗱𝗲𝗹𝗮𝘆 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗴𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝘀𝗲𝗰𝘂𝘁𝗼𝗿𝗶𝗮𝗹 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗰𝗲𝘀𝘀𝗲𝘀.

28. CNB understands that this is a difficult time for Ms Cecilia Ow and will continue to render assistance to her.

29. CNB is committed to keeping the streets of Singapore drug-free and conducts rigorous enforcement to deal with the trafficking of drugs. CNB has to adopt a proactive approach to disrupt such activities before they take root. Drug trafficking and drug abuse are serious threats to our society. If left unchecked, more lives would be harmed and families affected.

𝗖𝗘𝗡𝗧𝗥𝗔𝗟 𝗡𝗔𝗥𝗖𝗢𝗧𝗜𝗖𝗦 𝗕𝗨𝗥𝗘𝗔𝗨

𝟮𝟮 𝗢𝗰𝘁𝗼𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟭

Footnote 1
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is a Class A controlled drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Class A drugs are considered to be the most harmful. Under the Misuse of Drugs Act, those convicted of trafficking in LSD will be liable for a minimum punishment of 5 years and 5 strokes of the cane.
LSD is often sold on blotting paper, which is usually imprinted with a colourful cartoon or design and comes in square cuts of less than 1 cm each. Although abusers take it orally, the tabs of blotting paper can also be placed on skin areas that readily absorb the drug into the bloodstream, for example, under the eyelid. When ingested, LSD takes effect within 30 minutes. Its effects are strongest after 3 to 5 hours and can last up to 12 hours. Each square-cut paper (or ‘stamp’) laced with LSD would be considered 1 dose.
The long-term effects of LSD abuse include psychosis, violent mood changes, hallucinations and paranoia. Other effects include mood and personality changes (sometimes extreme), dissociation (referred to as “trips”), anxiety, depression, long-lasting psychoses (e.g. severe depression), schizophrenia, involuntary “flash-backs”, and Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorders (HPPD) i.e. hallucinations and flashbacks that persist for days after the LSD abuse. If consumed in a sufficiently large dose, LSD produces delusions and visual hallucinations that distort the user’s sense of time and identity.
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